Home and garden

 

 

gardening

Find your green fingers with EM.

 

Success in gardening primarily depends on soil fertility. The Effective Microorganisms promote regenerative microorganisms in the soil.

 

They help to convert organic materials into nutrients that are available for plants and create an environment in which the pathogenic bacteria and pests are removed from their habitat. Effective Microorganisms help to significantly increase soil fertility and increase plants’ growth and resistance.

 

 

How EM work in the garden

Effective Microorganisms have diverse and valuable ecological characteristics:

  • They enhance the microbial soil activity
  • Strengthen the plants’ immune systems
  • Loosen the soil and thus make it better able to absorb water and more fertile
  • Make nutrients available to plants, without polluting the environment
  • Improve plants’ bacteria, fruits and maturity
  • Intensify the colours of plants
  • Increase the shelf lives of fruits and vegetables
  • Create an environment, that suppresses putrefactive bacteria

 

Applications

 


 

 


 

Pot cultivation - Potting and care of decorative and vegetable plants and herbs

 

Soil Preperation                

Dosage for the 20-liter pot:

1 L Bio-Bokashi Terra

19 L Commercialpotting soil

 

Application:

Just mix the commercial potting soil with Bio-Bokashi Terra.

 

Tip: Mix a small bowl of sand to the soil – thusthe earthis lightened. If you want to use fresh garden- or kitchenbokashi immediatly, you can apply it in the lowest third oft the pot as a storage reservoir. First fill in soil into one fifthof thepot-height, followed by one fifth Bokashi (mixed with a little bit of soil) and fill the pot with soil to the top.. Finally irrigate well.

          

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Planting       

Application:

Make a small pit with your fingers and plant decorative, vegetable plants and herbs.  Afterwards cover the earth with fresh grass cuttings. This protects the earth from solar irradiation and dehydration and alsofertilizes the seedlings.

Tip: The earth bale of the plant shall lock the even with the soil of the pot – do not plant too deep or too high and leave app. 20 cm between the plants to give them enough space to grow.

 

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First watering (once)                                                     

The extensive first watering of the plants is very important.

Dosage:

50 ml EM-Active (EMa) (10 caps)

10 ml Terrafert soil (2 caps)

10 L water

 

Application:

Water the plants with this solution until the soil is very moist.

 

Tip: For a 20 liter pot app. 3 liters of irrigation mixture is needed. Additionally 10 g of EM-Ceramic-Powder can be added - this is an additional soil additive and activator , a fermentation aid in the soil and increases the natural defense system of plants.

 

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Regular irrigation (as required)                      

Dosage:                    

10 ml EM-Active (EMa) (2 caps)  

5 ml Terrafert soil (1 cap)            

10 l water     

           

Application:                       

Regular Irrigation of plants with this solution.   

 

Tip: Use the solution immediatly after mixing, when the Effective Microorganisms are most active.Additionally pre-treat the irrigation water by using 15 pieces of EM-Ceramics Grey Pipes or 1 piece of EM-Ceramics 35-mm Pipes per 10 liter of water and leave this for some time. Add the EM-products (EMa) shortly before irrigation.

 

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Regular Spraying for plant strengthening/strengthening the immune system              

Dosage for 1 L spray bottle:                   

20 ml EM-Active (EMa) (4 caps)             

5 ml Terrafert foliar (1 cap)

5 ml MK 5 (1 cap)              

1 l water

   

Application:                       

Spray the plants once a week until dripping wet. During blossoming we recommend reducing the dosage to one third. In case of pests or fungal infestation, spray daily until the problem has been solved. The plants get a beautiful gleam and less dust settles (through anti-static effect).

                      

Tip: Spray in the early morning hours or in the evening hours so the moisture can better penetrate into the leaves. Spread one handful of Mest Best on top of the soil for each flower box once a month. This waythe plants will bestrengthened further. Then cover the soil again with fresh green waste, to protect it from drying out.

 

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Cut flowers

 

Extended shelf life of cut flowers         

Dosage per liter of water:

15 pieces EM-Ceramic Grey Pipes

 

Application:

Give EM-Ceramic Grey Pipes to the water of flowers and enjoy them much longer.

 

Tip: You can also use 15 pieces of EM-Ceramic Pink Pipes.

 

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Bed cultivation - Potting and care of flowers, vegetables and herb beds as well as raised beds

 

Soil preperation                           

Dosage for 100m2:

10–20 kg Bio-Bokashi Terra

(according to condition of the soil mix with some high-quality potting soil)

1 kg Rock meal (ZeoBas)

or:

Bokashi (EM-Compost)

(according to condition of the soil mix with some high-quality potting soil)

1 kg Rock meal (ZeoBas)

additional:

50 ml EM-Active (EMa) (10 caps)

10 L water

 

Application:

Mix Bio-Bokashi Terra and Bokashi (EM compost) with the rock meal (ZeoBas) - according to condition of the soil also add some high-quality potting soil – gently work it in to the soil on the surface approx. 10–14 days before planting or seeding and water it with the solution of EM-Active (EMa) until the soil is moist. Optionally cover it with mulch. This is especially important for sapping plants or bushes with high fertilizing needs. This treatment stimulates weed growth,  so they can be removed before seeding and planting, so that the young plants can develop well, with significantly less competition from other plants. The soil is also strenghened. EM-Active (EMa) helps germination, root formation, blossoming and fructification. It also improves the physical, chemical and biological condition of the soil and accelerates the rotting of organic material such as compost and Bokashi.

 

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Planting

Application:

Make a small pit with your fingers and plant decorative and vegetable plants and herbs. Afterwards cover the earth with freshgrass cuttings. This protects the earth from solar irradiation and dehydration and is alsofertilizer forthe seedlings.

 

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First watering (once)                                                     

The extensive first watering of the plants is very important.

Dosage:

50 ml EM-Active (EMa) (10 caps)

10 ml Terrafert soil (2 caps)

10 L water

 

Application:

Water the plants with this solution until the soil is very moist.

 

Tip: Additionally 50 g of EM-Ceramic-Powder can be added - this is an additional soil additive and activator , a fermentation aid in the soil and increases the natural defense system of plants.

 

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Regular irrigation (as required)                      

Dosage:                    

10 ml EM-Active (EMa) (2 caps)  

5 ml Terrafert soil (1 cap)             

10 l water     

           

Application:                       

Regular Irrigation of plants with this solution.   

 

Tip: Use the solution immediatly after mixing, when the Effective Microorganisms are most active.Additionally pre-treat the irrigation water by using 15 pieces of EM-Ceramics Grey Pipes or 1 piece of EM-Ceramics 35-mm Pipes per 10 liter of water and leave this for some time. Add the EM-products (EMa) shortly before irrigation.

 

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Regular Spraying for plant strengthening/strengthening the immune system              

Dosage for 1 L spray bottle:                   

20 ml EM-Active (EMa) (4 caps)             

5 ml Terrafert foliar (1 cap)

5 ml MK 5 (1 cap)              

1 l water

 

Application:                       

Spray the plants once a week until dripping wet. During blossoming we recommend reducing the dosage to one third. In case of pests or fungal infestation, spray daily until the problem has been solved.

                      

Tip: Spray in the early morning hours or in the evening hours so the moisture can better penetrate into the leaves. Spread one handful of Mest Best on top of the soil for each flower box once a month.

 

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Fill a raised bed

Use wire mesh (max. 1 cm diameter) on the ground as a protection against mice and line the wooden walls with a foil (eg black bubble wrap, as it is used in basement walls) then fill the raised be al followes:

 

1| level Pieces of timbrt 15–20 cm Ø
2| level various small pieces of timber (fine branches, shrubcuttings etc.)
3| level Leaves, semi-finished compost, grass, etc.
then compress well
4| level Horse manure
5| level old soil, soil of molehills usw.
6| level Infos see at bed culture: Preparing soil


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Lawn treatment – For strengthening and restoration of lawns

These treatments strengthen the growth of new grass and can also repair spotty and underserved lawns. This treatment sufficies for 2 to 5 years - depending on the condition of the soil and location.

 

First initial treatment

Dosage per 100 m2:

10 kg Bio-Bokashi Terra

1 kg EM-Ceramic Powder

 

Application:

Mix Bio-Bokashi Terra with EM-Ceramic Powder and spread it evenlyon thelawn.

 

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Lawn irrigation (First treatment in spring)

Dosage per 100 m2:

 10 l EM-Active (EMa)

1 l Terrafert Soil

250 g EM-Ceramic Powder

100 l water

 

Application:

Mix EM-Active (EMa) with Terrafert Soil and EM-Ceramic Powder and add it to the irrigation water.

 

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Intensive treatment (stained lawn, nutrient insufficiency, etc.)

Dosage per 100 m2:

 2 l EM-Active (EMa)

1 l Terrafert Soil

100 l water

 

Application:

Mix EM-Active (EMa) with Terrafert Soil and add it to the water. Use this solution every 14 days until better.

 

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Regular treatment

Dosage per 100 m2:

 1 l EM-Active (EMa)

20 l water

 

Application:

Spray the EM-Active solution at every cutting process.

Tipp: When using the dosing unit Aquamix the application of EM-Active (EMa) during irrigation is possible in a single pass. Fill EM-Active in the container and connect it to the garden hose. The dosing done works automatically. Aquamixis suitablefor allGardenaHose Systems. You can also use the EM-Ceramic swirler Gardena, based on the principles of Viktor Schauberger and the EM technology. As a result, the water is riched with oxygen. The swirler is connected directly to the water line and then connected with the garden hose. Or use the EM-Ceramic swirler, which is stuffed into the garden hose. The flow rate is not affected and the water is enriched with oxygen.

 

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Trees and shrubs

 

Mulch treatment to improve health soil

When mulching use not rotted organic materials such as grass clippings, leaves, etc to cover the soil or as additional protection for the plants. Grass clippings, leaves or foliage are mostly used between vegetable plants, flowers, shrubs and trees – burck mulch in shrub beds and shrubs. The application of EM-Active (EM) stimulates the rotting process and stops putrefaction.

 

The use of mulch has many applications:                  

  • During hot weather roots and the soil stay moist
  • Theweed growthis slowed down
  • The soil would be less muddiedorwashed out by heavy rain
  • Winderosioncan be prevented
  • Formation of organic fertilizer,  because the mulch is gradually used up by the soil organisms

Dosage per 100 m2:

1 L EM-Active (EMa)

100 ml Terrafert soil

10 L water (depending on the moisture of vegetation)

 

Application:

Spray EM-Active (EMa) solution when mulching.

 

Time:

Mulch in the morning dew or in the evening, not in strong sunlight

 

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Add Bokashi (EM compost) to improve the soil and for organic fertilization

Bokashi gives the soil lots of organic compounds. Spraying with EM-Active (EMa) creates a stable environment and promotes the conversion of the organic compounds into topsoil.

For treatment once a year add Bokashi to the soil in spring and/or autumn.

 

1st step – Fertilizing        

Dosage per 100 m2:

30–50 kg Bokashi, depending on the material available and the demand of nutrients of the plants

10–20 kg Rock meal (ZeoBas)

 

Application:

Plant self-manufactured Bokashi combined with Rock meal under the trees and shrubs.   

 

2nd step – Watering the Compost                    

Dosage per 100 m2:

1 L EM-Active (EMa)

200 ml Terrafert soil

1 kg EM-Ceramic Powder (only when pests and/or funghal problems occur!)

10–20 L water

 

Application:

After applying Bokashi on the soil spray it with the solution of EMa, water and Terrafert soil and work it into the soil. If additional EM Ceramic Powder is used by heavy pest and/or fungal infestation, the dosage for the casting of fertilization is used. Stir the EM-Ceramic Powder with a small amount of EM-Active (EMa) into a smooth, liquid mixture. Then add the rest ofthe EM-Active (EMa), Terrafert soil and water. This solution should be used immediatly.

 

Time and frequency:

To improve the soil, carry out this treatment once a year in spring or in autumn.

 

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Seedlings treatment                                                   

Dosage per tree:

10 ml EM-Active (EMa) (2 caps)

5 ml Terrafert soil (1 cap)

1 L water

additional:

40 g Rock meal (ZeoBas)

10 g EM-Ceramic Powder

 

Application:

To encourage root formation in young trees, the roots are quickly dipped in a BB-soil-Solution of 1 : 10 (BB-soil : water)

 

Tip: Then sprinkle the roots with Rock meal and EM Ceramic Powder (4 : 1).

 

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Spraying of trees and shrubs

The spraying with Effective Microorganisms increases the trees’ resistance power and they are less susceptible to disease and pests. The Effective Microorganisms create an environment on the surface of the trees and shrubs that pests avoid. The Rock meal forms an additional housing for the Effective Microorganisms and the silicon in the basalt Rock meal optimises the effectiveness of the solar radiation. EM-Ceramic Powder causes constant growth in the fruits. Spray the trees until dripping wet with the following mixtures ( assumed about 100 m2 per tree/shrub).

 

Application for all spray-treatments:

Stir the ultrafine Rock meal and EM-Ceramic Powder with a small amount of BB-soil or EM-Active (EMa) into a smooth, liquid matter. As soon as the water reaches about two thirds of the tank, the rest of the BB-soil, EM-Active (EMa), MK 5, Terrafert soil and Terrafert foliar are added into the tank. Spray the mixture immediatly after mixing – in the morning hours or in the evening, not in direct sunlight.

 

Tipp: Whey powder you’ll get in well-stocked health food shops or dairies.

 

1. in Spring (from 5 ° C) combined tree/shrubs and soil treatment      

Dosage per 100 m2:

500 ml EM-Active (EMa)

100 ml Terrafert soil

30 ml Terrafert foliar (6 caps)

30 ml MK 5 (6 caps)

2 teaspoon EM-Ceramic Powder

4 teaspoon ultrafine Rock meal (ZeoBas ultrafine)

4 teaspoon Whey powder

10 l water

 

Frequency:

Apply once.

 

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2. Before blossoming                  

Dosage per 100 m2:

200 ml EM-Active (EMa)

20 ml Terrafert foliar (4 caps)

20 ml MK 5 (4 caps)

2 teaspoon EM-Ceramic Powder

4 teaspoon Rock meal ultrafine (ZeoBas ultrafine)

4 teaspoon Whey powder

10 l water

 

Frequency:
At least 1 to 2 times.

 

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3. During blossoming                

Dosage per 100 m2:

50 ml EM-Active (EMa) (10 caps)

10 ml Terrafert foliar (2 caps)

10 ml MK 5 (2 caps)

0,5 teaspoon EM-Ceramic Powder

0,5 teaspoon Rock meal ultrafine (ZeoBas ultrafine)

1 teaspoon Whey Powder

10 l water

 

Frequency:

Every 4 days up to 4 times.

 

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4. After blossoming                   

Dosage per 100 m2:

200 ml EM-Active (EMa)

20 ml Terrafert foliar (4 caps)

20 ml MK 5 (4 caps)

2 teaspoon EM-Ceramic Powder

4 teaspoon Rock meal ultrafine (ZeoBas ultrafine) – onlyto fruitdevelopment

4 teaspoon Whey Powder

10 l water

 

Frequency:

Every 7 to 10 days depending on the weather.

 

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5. After the leaves fall, but before the first frost                

Dosage per 100 m2:

1 L EM-Active (EMa)

200 ml Terrafert soil

1 teaspoon EM-Ceramic Powder

10 teaspoon Rock meal ultrafine (ZeoBas ultrafine)

10 l water

 

Frequency:

Once after the leaves fall.

 

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Coating the tree trunk

Applying the paste to the tree trunk stops pests that hibernate in the trunk and closes lesions with would be entrances for funghis and bacteria  and stop  their spores. The sunlight is strongly reflected by the paste’s light grey colour, which reduces variations in temperature. The EM-Ceramic Tree Coat helps trees to reinforce the resistance to external influences, especially during the cold season.


Dosage (use in the same ratio as needed):
EM-Ceramic Tree Coat
EM-Active (EMa)

 

Production of the paste:
Mix the EM-Ceramic Tree Coat with EM-Active in the same ratio to produce a creamy paste.
Example: 250 g EM-Ceramic Tree Coat + 250 ml EM-Active (EMa)

 

Application for the cold season:
Apply the paste on the tree trunk sufficiently. It protects the tree and the bark from the sun, game bite and diseases. Coate this paste on the tree trunk in autumn or in spring (until march).


Application for open wounds:
After tree cut, apply the paste to the open wounds. It protects from parasites and fungal decay.

 

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